Coat of Arms

 

Diocese of Tyler's Crest  

 

 

                           

 

 

Vert, a cross Or, off-center, in chief a star argent, in base dexter argent three pine trees of the first.

The shield of the Diocese of Tyler, Texas, is green with a gold cross blazoned on it, just off center.  Green, the color of hope, is the color of the piney woods and forests so prominent in the East Texas landscape. 

In the upper left (bearer's right) is the silver five-pointed star of the state of Texas; in the lower section of the shield, a silver field with three green pine trees.  These two charges "name" the diocese in symbol: "The Diocese of Tyler in the Piney Woods of East Texas."  Further, the star stands for the enlightenment, guidance and holiness.  The evergreen trees stand for the sturdiness, growth and life, especially eternal life.  The use of three trees recalls the life of the Christian in the Holy Trinity.

When the arms of the diocese and the personal arms of the bishop are impaled together, the motto and sword come from the bishop's personal arms.

Design by Sr. Mary Peter Tremonte, O.P.

 
 
 
 

                           

 

   Bishop Strickland's Coat of Arms

                             

                                                                             

 

 

                                                                   The Blazon and Explanation of the Coat of Arms of  the
                                                                   

                                                          Most Reverend Joseph Edward Strickland

                                                                                     Fourth Bishop of Tyler, Texas

 

BLAZON:  Arms impaled.  In the dexter: Vert a Latin cross throughout skewed to dexter Or, the quadrant to dexter base Argent three fir trees disposed in two rows of two and one Vert; in dexter chief a mullet of five points Argent (Tyler).  In the sinister: Gales the Southern Cross composed of mullets of six points all Or on a chief undy Or between the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary both Proper slightly to base an escallop shell Gules.  The shield is ensigned with a galero with cords and twelve tassels disposed in three rows of one, tow and three all Vert and an espiscopal cross standing palewise behind the shield Or with jewels Gales.  Beneath the shield on a scroll is the motto "Ut Inhabitem in Domo Domini".

EXPLANATION:  The coat of arms of Bishop Strickland combines the coat of arms of the Diocese of Tyler onto the same shield with his personal coat of arms.  The technique of marshaling the two separate coats of arms side by side is called "impaling".  It is taken from the custom of of displaying the separate coats of arms of two people who are married to each other on the same shield.  Thus, it is symbolic of the bishop being married to the local church.  It is important to note that while the use of impaling is common in the United States, it is by no means a universal custom.  In many parts of the world a bishop will display only his personal coat of arms on the shield alone.

When describing things in heraldic terms the coat of arms is described from the perspective of one standing behind the shield and holding it in front of them.  So the terms "dexter" (right) and "sinister" (left) are then reversed from the point of view of someone observing the coat of arms from the front.

The left side (as we view it) of the shield contains the impalement for the diocese of Tyler.  The main part of the field is green and contains a large gold (yellow) cross that is slightly off center towards the left.  This alludes to the cross from the arms of Bl. John Paul II who founded the diocese.  The lower arm of the cross is longer than the other three making it a "Latin" cross.  In the lower left quadrant the background is colored white and there are three green trees depicted in two rows.  The upper left contains a single silver (white) star, symbolic of the state of Texas.  The right side (as we view it) of the shield contains the personal coat of arms of Bishop Strickland containing symbols having to do with his heritage, his priestly ministry and his personal devotions.  The background or field of the coat of arms is red, a color associated with both Theology and Canon Law.  On this field there is a depiction of the constellation known as the Southern Cross which also appears on the Australian flag.  This alludes to the Australian heritage of the bishop's mother.  In this coat of arms the constellation is composed of six-pointed stars frequently used in heraldry as an allusion to Our Lady.  The upper third of the shield, called a "thief" is separated from the rest of the field by a wavy line suggesting a river.  This is borrowed from the arms of the Diocese of Dallas from which the Diocese of Tyler was separated in 1986 and for which Bishop Strickland was originally ordained as a priest.  On this chief we see the images of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary to which the bishop has a great devotion.  Between this and slightly below them is a red escalloped shell.  This shell is borrowed from the coat of arms traditionally associated with several families named "Strickland" and also appears in the coat of arms of Pope Benedict XVI who has appointed Bishop Strickland to the episcopacy.

The external ornaments surrounding the shield indicate the rank of the armiger.  In place of the martial helmet, mantling and crest ecclesiastics use a pilgrim"s hat called a "galero".  This broad-brimmed hat was, at one time in history, worn by all prelates.  It exists now as a heraldic symbol.  The Church has devised a system of various colors and numbers of tassels suspended form the hat to indicate various ranks of prelates.  Since the original color worn by bishops was bright green this color has been retained in heraldry as the episcopal color.  The galero therefore has twelve green tassels suspended from cords and falling on either side of the shield.  In addition a gold-colored episcopal cross is placed vertically behind the shield and extending above and below it.  This cross, not to be confused with the processional cross used in the liturgy of the CHurch, is a heraldic symbol which has its origins in an actual cross, rather like a processional cross, which used to be carried immediately in front of any bishop whenever he was exercising his office.  Throughout the Middle Ages such crosses were used in addition to the processional cross at the head of a liturgical procession.  Eventually they fell into disuse but remain as a heraldic symbol of the office if bishop.  These external ornaments conform with the Instruction of the Holy See, "Ut Sive Sollicite" of 1969 for the ornaments proper to a coat of arms for a prelate with the rank of bishop. 

Below the shield on a decorate scroll we see the bishop's chose motto, "Ut Inhabitem in Domo Domini" (That I May Dwell in the house of the Lord) which is taken from Psalm 27.

This personal coat of arms of Bishop Strickland was designed and marshaled to those of the Diocese of Tyler by Fr. Guy Selvester, a priest of the Diocese of Metuchen, N.J. and an expert in heraldic design specializing in ecclesiastical heraldry.